Wisdom teeth are the third molars. They are located completely in the back of the mouth and their main purpose is mastication. They usually appear between the age of 16 and 25. Due to limited space inside the mouth, they sometimes only partially erupt or not at all. When it’s completely hidden, it’s called an impacted wisdom tooth. It is important de get them checked out regularly by a dentist so that they remain safe and painless. A panoramic radiography is a good way to evaluate the size of the teeth, the shaping of their roots, the eruption axis, the available space, the jawbone, etc. The removal of a wisdom tooth depends on many things
- Teeth are hard to reach for cleaning.
- They might cause problems in the short or long term.
- The teeth are painful.
- The risk of developing a cyst or a benign tumor.
- Teeth that are growing horizontally can damage the second molar. If the second one is badly damage it will have to be removed too.
- Impacted and partially impacted teeth can be the source of diseases located on the gums and the bone surrounding the teeth.
- Impacted and partially impacted teeth can cause inflammation of the tissues surrounding a tooth’s crown. Infections of the soft tissues of the face are also a possibility.
The best moment to remove wisdom teeth is at the end of the teenage years. The bones are more malleable and sometimes the roots are not completely formed, which makes the job easier. The healing process is also faster.